The OECD, which possesses expertise in a wide range of policy areas, is uniquely placed to contribute to this process of institutional integration and co-ordination. Despite the virtual absence of evidence indicating overall scarcity in the supply of natural resources, optimising the rate at which local resources are depleted and minimising resource degradation are important issues.
By way of response, this chapter provides overviews of a number of special chapters of the OECD Economic Surveys on enhancing environmentally sustainable growth in selected OECD countries, and highlights important themes common to these studies. The main attention was paid to sheet metal forming technologies.
Transport Transport makes a fundamental contribution to a prosperous economy.
Inaction risks imposing significant costs on future generations and possibly widening future economic disparities among developed and developing regions of the world. In formulating policies and initiatives, governments must, moreover, take into account that the energy demand of non-OECD countries will soon surpass that of OECD countries, and that already high levels of energy demand in developed countries will continue their upward trend.
Companies move forward along the path to sustainability by improving performance and reducing their resource footpring. Energy remains a strategic commodity, as energy and the services it provides remain necessary to fuel economic growth and social development. Finally, these framework conditions will produce results only if implemented with a long-term perspective and strong, continuous political will.
Each problem statement document includes an example and a guide to the expected output of research undertaken. Measurement The broadness of the sustainable development agenda, combined with the difficulty of calculating such things as the potential satisfaction of future needs or the future impact of current actions, poses a significant challenge for measurement.
And what is required to ensure that these are being met? This growth has been achieved with fewer workers and on slightly less land, but using more water, chemicals and machinery.
This chapter describes the key features and principles of sustainable development, examining the concepts of need, capital, and productivity. In particular, changes in atmospheric temperature, sea levels, and precipitation patterns will impact the natural environment, agricultural activities, human settlement and health.
Policy Instruments Bringing together the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development coherently and efficiently requires establishing appropriate framework conditions and implementation tools. Further progress can be achieved through greater policy coherence, fuller use of market-based economic instruments, removal of barriers to international trade and investment, more accurate assessment of social and environmental impact of trade policy, and increased corporate responsibility.
Critical Issues - free overview of the report Green growth and sustainable development Sustainable Development: OECD industries are now more proactive in addressing sustainable development concerns, a trend that can be reinforced through government policies and efforts to enhance eco-efficiency among businesses.
At national and sub-national levels, governments face the challenge of assuring sufficient energy for economic activities and universal access to energy services to support the provision of housing, food, and health and educational facilities.
Share Sustainable Manufacturing A large and growing number of manufacturers are realizing substantial financial and environmental benefits from sustainable business practices. International Trade and Investment Trade and international investment stimulate competition, improve resource allocation, and facilitate the international distribution of technology.
Building this framework requires coherent integration of policies across the economic, social, and environmental spheres; significant participation of civil society in policy making and implementation; co-ordination between national governments and international organisations; and strong political commitment to a long-term perspective.
Improved productivity, technological developments, new sources of supply, availability of substitutes and increased efficiency in resource-using production processes have contributed to maintaining the natural resource base. Liberalisation of trade and international investment has been a major contributor to economic growth and hence one of the cornerstone policies in promoting sustainable development.
Energy In the face of increasing global demand for energy and pressures on the global environment, policy makers have acknowledged that the choice is no longer whether to participate or not in discussions about sustainable development but rather how.
When considering a submission, please review the problem statements which highlight some of the challenges faced within the pharmaceutical and fine chemicals industries. Governments pursuing sustainable development face the challenge of discerning how best to balance the challenges and opportunities of growth and to decouple economic growth from environmental pressures.
Given the global nature of many of the most pressing development challenges such as climate change it is imperative that countries build strong coalitions to address issues of common concern, and that they adapt institutions and decision making processes to ever-increasing globalization.
It focuses on the principal goals of improving the policy framework through a more effective, transparent and efficient regulatory system as well as correcting market and intervention failures by removing distortionary subsidies, introducing green tax reforms, and creating markets for pollution control and resources management.
Globalisation, technological innovation, sectoral adjustment, migration, and population ageing make it increasingly difficult to predict the future of places. Agriculture and the ecosystems in which it forms a part control or interact with a large number of natural capital stocks of value not only to the agricultural sector but to the rest of society as well; therefore the way in which the agricultural sector manages these stocks is crucial to sustainable development.
Cross-sectoral Issues Chapter The industry problem statements are provided by subject matter experts from within industry and are in-line with the needs of the industry as a whole. In many cases, these efforts are having significant results.
Actually, a lack in terms of comprehensive contributions is present in the technical literature, thus, the authors try to give a sort of holistic vision aimed to provide basic guidelines in order to help in identifying the possible solutions with regard to all the phases of a forming product life cycle.
This chapter explores those concerns, along with the key requirements for achieving increased agricultural output in a sustainable way, including the implementation of appropriate policies in tandem with markets, and the adoption of best practices by farmers.
Technology Innovation and technology play an increasingly significant role in economic growth. Chief among objectives of territorial development policies are the reduction of disparities, the promotion of conditions favourable to endogenous development, and a better balance between urban and rural area.economic, social and environmental challenges of globalisation.
The OECD is also at the forefront of efforts to • Analyse eco-innovation processes on the basis of existing examples from manufacturing SUSTAINABLE MANUFACTURING AND ECO-INNOVATION: FRAMEWORK, PRACTICES AND MEASUREMENT – Synthesis Report – 7.
Development Overview of Sustainable Manufacturing Metrics Shaw C. Feng 1, Che-Bong Joung 1, and Gang Li 2 1 to quantitatively measurethe sustainability performance in specific manufacturing processes.
This paper As the manufacturing industry is facing challenges of global resources depletion, climate change, environmental. sustainability/total life-cycle issues related to the products manufactured chain operations; sustainable quality systems for manufacturing Technological Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Manufacturing -Sustainable manufacturing processes.
Sustainability issues in sheet metal forming processes: an overview The above considerations justify the strong role played by sustainable manufacturing in this context. Many researchers have established some milestones on the crucial aspects of competitive sustainable manufacturing. They assessed that manufacturing processes must be.
Overview On the following pages we outline some of the key environmental manufacturing issues that are facing the pharmaceutical industry and for which we are seeking to form research collaborations.
Skills for sustainable manufacturing practice Skills for sustainable manufacturing technology In Conclusion Resources development for the manufacturing industry and sees sustainable tools and processes as central Manufacturing for Sustainability.Download