Culture is the learned, shared and transmitted values, beliefs, norms and life way practices of a particular group that guide thinking, decisions, and actions in patterned ways. InLeininger defined transcultural nursing as "a substantive area of study and practice focused on comparative cultural care caring values, beliefs, and practices of individuals or groups of similar or different cultures with the goal of providing culture-specific and universal nursing care practices in promoting health or well-being or to help people to face unfavorable human conditions, illness, or death in culturally meaningful ways.
Human Beings Such are believed to be caring and to be capable of being concerned about the needs, well-being, and survival of others. Worldview is the way people tend to look at the world or universe in creating a personal view of what life is about.
Care is distinct, dominant, unifying and central focus of nursing, and, while curing and healing cannot occur effectively without care, care may occur without cure. National League for Nursing Pres; Nursing is defined as a learned humanistic and scientific profession and discipline which is focused on human care phenomena and activities in order to assist, support, facilitate, or enable individuals or groups to maintain or regain their well-being or health in culturally meaningful and beneficial ways, or to help people face handicaps or death.
McFarland recently co-participated in a metasynthesis of culture care theory research studies guided by the Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality. These thoughts should consider, and integrate, cultural and social structure dimensions in each specific context, besides the biological and psychological aspects involved in nursing care.
Cultural care repatterning or restructuring. Leiniger has developed the Sunrise Model in a logical order to demonstrate the interrelationships of the concepts in her theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality.
Culture Care Universality Culture care universality indicates the common, similar, or dominant uniform care meanings, pattern, values, lifeways or symbols that are manifest among many cultures and reflect assistive, supportive, facilitative, or enabling ways to help people.
In addition to individually publishing numerous book chapters and articles, Dr. Leininger, Culture shock may result when an outsider attempts to comprehend or adapt effectively to a different cultural group.
This knowledge provides culturally specific meanings and expressions in relation to care and health. Culture practice and beliefs are adapted over time but they mainly remain constant as long as they satisfy needs.
Culture care diversity and universality: Health care provider need to be flexible in the design of programs, policies, and services to meet the needs and concerns of the culturally diverse population, groups that are likely to be encountered. McFarland has studied, practiced, consulted, and lectured throughout the United States and in various parts of Europe, Kenya, Taiwan, and Australia.
To encourage in developing and maintaining a program of physical, emotional and spiritual self-care introduce therapies such as ayurveda and pancha karma. The concepts and relationships that are presented are at a level of abstraction which allows them to be applied in many different situations.
Ethnohistory Ethnohistory includes those past facts, events, instances, experiences of individuals, groups, cultures, and instructions that are primarily people-centered ethno and which describe, explain, and interpret human lifeways within particular cultural contexts and over short or long periods of time.
McFarland is a past editor of the Journal of the Transcultural Nursing, a past chair of the Transcultural Nursing Certification Commission whose members developed a revised certification examination process under her guidance, has been a member of the TCNS Board, has served on numerous Society committees, and co-presented the Keynote Address with Dr.
Cultural Care Re-Patterning or Restructuring refers to therapeutic actions taken by culturally competent nurses. Beliefs about mental health Mental illnesses are caused by a lack of harmony of emotions or by evil spirits. It is generic or folk knowledge. Leininger, Assumptions Different cultures perceive, know, and practice care in different ways, yet there are some commonalities about care among all cultures of the world.
On the other side, too much was given to the culture concept per se that Leininger failed to comprehensively discuss the functions or roles of nurses. Professional care system s are defined as formally taught, learned, and transmitted professional care, health, illness, wellness, and related knowledge and practice skills that prevail in professional institutions usually with multidisciplinary personnel to serve consumers.
The nursing diagnosis for clients should include potential problems in their interaction with the health care system and problems involving the effects of culture. Culture shock may lead to anger and can be reduced by seeking knowledge of the culture before encountering that culture.
Language is primary through means of transmitting culture.The theory of culture care diversity and universality rises from a transcultural point of view in human care. “It provides a holistic rather than a fragment view of people.” (George, ) This Model extends to everyone that belongs to a culture.
CCT to Teach Culture Care 5 Online Journal of Cultural Competence in Nursing and Healthcare Vol.
1, No. 1, lated to providing culturally congruent nurs-ing care (derived from Leininger, a, p. Leininger's Culture Care Diversity and Universality, Third Edition presents an expanded view of the Culture Care Theory as well as integral components of the Ethno-nursing Research Method.
The use of the CCT with new research methodologies such as meta-ethno-nursing as well as other established qualitative methods is also covered.
• Cultural care diversity refers to the differences in meanings, values, or ac-ceptable modes of care within or between different groups of people. • Cultural care universality refers to common care or similar meanings that are evident among many cultures.
• Nursing is a learned profession with a disciplined focused on care phenomena. Culture Care Diversity refers to the differences in meanings, values, or acceptable forms of care in or between groups of people. Culture Care Universality refers to common care or similar meanings that are evident among many cultures.
This information allows for the identification of similarities and differences or cultural care universality and cultural care diversity. Next are nursing care decisions and actions which involve cultural care preservation or maintenance, cultural care accommodation or negotiation and cultural care repatterning or restructuring.Download